High-tech clusters and what sustains them Essay

Submitted By ramzesik555
Words: 1192
Pages: 5

The great ongoing demands for performance not only great aspiration, realization of weaknesses and possible outcomes, sometimes it demands even more, something, that is called sacrifice. To achieve an astounding heights in the innovation sphere amazing structures should be built, which must totally control the development process and pretty frequently come up with a new, cutting edge ideas. There are two sides to the river, where one is innovative idea and the other one - implementation, aims to embody that as a lifestyle or to position the product as a leading unit on the market. The high-tech cluster is the name of present day power, making progress to move forward. However, this power demands a huge amount of 'start up' energy, and this issue is not only about funding, but the supporting sphere, which includes universities and human resources that will be able to bring forward new ideas, the readiness of the market for the product of the idea. All of that must give a clear understanding that most of possible old style circumstances will be bypassed. There are few companies in the world that may afford such a great risk with developing a new idea, but plenty of governments can. The question is what kind of support do high-tech clusters need from the government and do they need this support for a long term to provide a profitable growth? According to Saxenian, a high-tech cluster is a highly organized commercial structure which contributes collective investigation and a variety of adjustments, based on a scientific approach, in case of changing conditions that created by producers of complex (Saxenian, 1998). Clusters enable the business sphere to be tightly close to all changes in high technology markets which gives a great field for international competition. But it does not mean at all, that knowledge within the cluster must be strictly restricted. As an example, collaboration of SkTech (Skolkovo Foundation) and MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology) could be shown, which gave a great break through for Russian ' Silicon Valley' in case of acquiring a great experience that must show perceptible impact on education system development ( Vekselberg, 2011). That gives a clear understanding that firstly, cluster demands a highly educated employees to be sure in moving in a right direction and be responsible for future generation of engineers. The next point is that a cluster needs a variety of services, such as supplying, financial and trade services, which may be run by companies that have a high interest in a particular business sphere. For example, SkTech has already 46 investing companies, and plenty of them are overseas companies, that invest their money in order to have a yield with using products or ideas of SkTech, meanwhile supplying Skolkovo research centre with necessary facilities. High-tech clusters require universities for research work or they may found a new university, as SkTech did. Also a government's 'helping hand' may give a positive impact on the development of a just emerged cluster. When all cards are in the pack, the innovative industrial structure with a deep knowledge is likely to appear, but it is always easier said than done. It is widely believed, that government can play a significant role in providing clusters with suitable macro economic conditions, encouraging the micro economic situation and setting up favourable regulations. According to Michael Porter, professor at Harvard Business School, the role of the government in cluster upbringing is to create an upgrading atmosphere for further development, promotion and opportunities for an efficient negotiations in order to make members of the cluster think together and more productively ( Porter, 1998). Once an opportunity of starting up a high-tech cluster is taken by government a balance of powers on a world political field may change significantly, if the effort was done proficiently. Success in developing of the innovative…