What We Know and What We Believe Have you ever wondered why things are the way they are. I have often asked myself this same question numerous times. It wasn’t until I took a philosophy class; I started to develop thought and try to understand the world. A philosopher that stuck out to me the most during the course was Plato. Plato was a western philosopher, who studied philosophy in 427-347 B.C. He was a good friend and admirer of the great philosopher Socrates (Melchert 119). In this paper, I will explore Plato’s theories and distinction between knowledge and belief. As humans we assume our opinion or beliefs to be true. It is merely our perception of the world that defines our beliefs. We often confuse the meaning of knowledge with opinion. The distinction between knowledge and belief are not the same. How does one determine the distinction between knowledge and belief? People often make perceptions or believe false information. Knowledge is something that is proven, real, and involves true meaning (Melchert 120). Beliefs do not truth and falsies, an opinion or belief is a perception of one’s reality. I find that Plato’s theory in Meno 98a was enough consideration of why knowledge and belief are not the same (Melchert 120). In the conversation between Socrates and Meno, Socrates explains how beliefs that seem to be true may be good but their meaning isn’t stable. A belief that has reasoning or evidence is knowledge. Knowledge is grounded and solid. Knowledge has value because there is reasoning behind its information. I believe knowledge and beliefs are similar but not the same. Knowledge consists of only forms and can only be known by intangible souls (Butler). I believe that knowledge is of the wise, a person that has studied and found reasoning behind things. When Plato’s tried to explain why knowledge was truth, he used mathematics to prove his point (Melchert 122). Plato explained how a square could be doubled in size, based of instruction. I believe humans use their instinct and logic to determine truth. Knowledge always is true, backed up by evidence, and is instruction. With Plato’s concept of mathematics the matters of knowledge proved to be true by demonstration. Mathematics expresses a solution that can be seen as correct, because of the puzzle that is solved during the problem (Melchert 122).Plato’s concept of mathematics the matters of knowledge it is true and apart of reality. In consideration, Plato’s explains how humans use their senses to determine if something is real to them. Senses are not accurate nor are they reliable to define truth (Melchert 124) Plato’s developed a term called Form; it refers to objects of knowledge. Since there was speculation that some knowledge was based of assumption, he wanted to develop a concept to separate the two meanings. Forms are supposed to manifest value of goodness. Forms are characterized by a thing that possesses the same qualities in itself. Plato expresses this information in Phaedo 74a-75a (Dorter). The first form is epistemological argument, what knowledge is and what it is about. This form concludes that objects are certainties that are different from beliefs determined by senses (Melchert 125). Knowledge is one and unchanging, it seems many make up one form, this is true. It is said by Parmenides, another western philosopher, that when things seem to appear to us large it seems as it is made of many, but it just a larger form of one. Plato’s explains farther more in his discussion with Parmenides 132a (Anton, Kustas, and Preus p.210-211). The form that things are one no matter the appearance, brings up the next form of argument, metaphysical. The metaphysical argument entails how the nature of knowledge may have similarities but they are not the same (Melchert 125).Metaphysics is actual reality of nature. I believe Plato’s metaphysical argument is similar to the distinction of how nature relates to knowledge and beliefs. The last argument of…
an incentive to specialize in Cloth
• Intuition: Specializing according to comparative
advantage makes each country better off
– They can import their comparative disadvantage good
for a lower price than they can make it themselves
– How do we quantify “better off” in the model?
Recall last class
P G= 1
• Full specialization: Home produces G and Foreign produces C
• Consumption and Production differ…
What happens to our soul when we die?
Collins Dictionary definition of a soul: The spirit or immaterial part of man, the seat of human personality, intellect, will and emotions, regarded as an entity that survives the body after death.
Although a lot of people accept this dictionary definition, the soul can mean different things to lots of other people, and to people in different religions. In Christianity, a soul is defined as the unique spirt, personality and consciousness of each and every…
For most of the people, buying a house is a hard decision to make. Especially when it’s not just a bargain for merchandises, it’s the place where we live. In order to get a ideal house, I would want to know about the surrounding area, the flexibility of space using, and the price of the house.
First of all, quality and convenience of the neighborhood is essential for me. Since the house will likely be the habitat for life time long, easily accessible supermarkets and a friendly neighborhood would…
Each and everyday we get up in the morning and go through our daily routines. We go through all the motions we usually go through, sometimes faster sometimes slower. We also go to school, work, some of us even volunteer. While we are at work or at school we are around people whether it be our co-workers or our classmates. We all play a role and have our own scripts. Think of us as actors on a great stage. This is what Erving Goffman defined as the presentation of self. A persons efforts to create…
AS we know, the knowledge of our strengths can contribute to our
successes.After finished the almost200 questions research on Strengths
finder website,the report lists my top five strengths and analyzes these
positive issues, including Input, Context, Intellection
and Relater. I did the research very hurry but the results are very
accurate. I think these five topics are quiet fit with me, especially the
first one. However, there still are some significant questions; for
To what extent are we the product of our choices?
What is choice? Choice is an act of choosing between two or more possibilities without thinking about the consequences that follow. “Nobody ever did, or ever will, escape the consequences of his choices.” To me this quote means that whatever choice we make consequences will always follow the choice you make. Many texts show the concept that influence personal choice that includes The Choosing a poem composed by Liz Lochhead, The Road Not Taken a…
the two shared in their writing was the fact that they used metaphors to convey what they are trying to say in their writing. Among all other literary devices, the two chose metaphors because they felt it would be effective in spreading their messages. Both Lux and Collins compared their individual messages to outside ordinary things. This allowed the readers to connect to the writing. It also helped them comprehend what the authors were trying to say in their poems without having to dig too deep into…
What’s in the food we eat?
1.CARBOHYDRATES (1g = 16kJ) TEXTBOOK P301-305
These are compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Examples are starches and simple sugars such as glucose.
Provide most of the energy needed by the majority of human diets.
Carbohydrates can be divided into three groups:
A Monosaccharides – simple sugars which cannot be broken down into smaller units. Building blocks of carbohydrates. Examples – glucose, fructose.
Simple sugars can be joined…
What impression do we gain of Jane Eyre in the opening chapters?
In the first few opening chapters Jane Eyre is seen as a mentally and physically abused child, during her years at Gateshead Hall. John Reed displays violence towards Jane in the first chapter. He punishes and bullies Jane; it is not known why the Reed family resent her so much. Her situation is seen as desperate within the first few paragraphs. Her cousins and Aunt make her life impossible and unbearable, she is not seen as a member…